cayzer family

> Chronology
  • 15 July 1843

    Charles William Cayzer born

  • 1856

    Union Steam Ship Company formed

  • 1861

    Charles William Cayzer employed by William Nicol & Co. in Bombay

  • 1862

    Donald Currie & Company formed

  • 1874

    Charles William Cayzer leaves Nicol & Co and briefly moves to Cardiff

  • 21 January 1876

    August Bernard Tellefsen Cayzer born

  • 1877

    Charles William Cayzer moves to Liverpool where he begins trading as Charles Cayzer & Co

  • 1878

    Charles William Cayzer establishes Cayzer Irvine & Co in Liverpool, having made business contacts in Glasgow

  • 1878

    Clan Alpine, Charles William Cayzer's first steamship, built in Glasgow

  • 23 July 1881

    Herbert Robin Cayzer born

  • 1881

    Clan Line Association Steamers formed, managed by Cayzer Irvine & Co, and 109 Hope Street, Glasgow becomes company headquarters

  • 1881

    Castle Packet Company becomes Castle Mail Packet Company

  • 1890

    Clan Line Steamers Limited is formed

  • 1892 - 1896

    Charles William Cayzer becomes Member of Parliament (Conservative) for Barrow-in-Furness

  • 1897

    Charles William Cayzer knighted

  • 1900

    Union Steam Ship Company and Castle Mail Packet Company amalgamate to become the Union-Castle Steamship Company

  • 12 December 1904

    Charles William Cayzer created 1st Baronet of Gartmore

  • 28 April 1904

    August Bernard Tellefsen Cayzer marries Ina Frances Stancomb

  • 1907

    Cayzer Irvine & Co becomes a limited company

  • 1908 - 1909

    Sir Charles William Cayzer fails in his attempt to be elected MP for Monmouth Boroughs

  • 21 January 1910

    (William) Nicholas Cayzer born.

  • 1912

    Union-Castle Line taken over by Royal Mail Steam Packet Company

  • 1914

    Britain enters the First World War.   Six Cayzer family members and company directors are called to active service.

  • 28 September 1916

    Sir Charles William Cayzer 1st Bart., dies

  • October 1916

    August Cayzer becomes chairman of Cayzer, Irvine & Co. He appoints his brother Herbert Cayzer as deputy chairman, with an identical salary to his own.

  • 1918

    Assets of the Scottish Shire Line acquired, adding refrigeration capacity to the fleets.

  • 1918

    August Cayzer is instrumental in the purchase of the Greenock Dockyard Company, putting Cayzer Irvine & Co in the unique position, for a shipping line, of possessing its own shipyard.  The company headquarters move to No. 2 St Mary Axe in the City of London

  • 1918

    August Cayzer begins to rebuild the firm by acquiring the British & South American Steam Navigation Company.

  • 1921

    August Bernard Tellefsen Cayzer is created 1st Baronet of Roffey Park in recognition of his and the Clan Line's services to the war effort.

  • 1922

    Sir Charles Cayzer, 3rd Bart., wins the parliamentary constituency of Chester for the Conservatives and remains their M.P. for 20 years.

  • January 1924

    Herbert Robin Cayzer is created 1st Baronet of Tylney in the New Year's Honours list

  • 1926

    Clan Line's capital is reduced from almost £4 million to under £2 million. It is forced to sell the British & South American Steam Navigation Company to the Royal Mail Group

  • 1929

    The crash of the New York Stock Exchange brings dire consequences for world economics and trade. The Great Depression begins.

  • 1933
    Fred Bedford the Managing Director of Cayzer, Irvine & Co., is forced to introduce a 10% salary cut across the firm as a result of the worldwide economic depression.
  • 1936

    Union-Castle Line becomes independent again

  • 1939

    Both the Clan Line, its associated Greenock Dockyard, and Union-Castle are much affected by wartime requisitioning.

  • 8th June, 1939

     Sir Herbert Cayzer created 1st Baron Rotherwick of Tylney in the King's Birthday Honours

  • 28 February 1943

    Sir August Cayzer dies.   Lord Rotherwick becomes the chairman of the family business

  • 1945

    By the end of the war Clan Line have lost 37 ships and Union-Castle 11 through enemy action.

  • 1946

    Clan Line buys eight freighters, limited shipyard capacity and high building prices preventing the construction of new ships.

  • 1947

    Union-Castle negotiates new mail and freight contracts with the South African government.

  • 1947

    Mrs Smuts launches the Pretoria Castle in Belfast by radio from South Africa.

  • 15 October 1953

    Clan Line take over Hunting Group's air transport and servicing business. Hunting-Clan Air Transport is formed.

  • 1955

    Hunting-Clan Air Transport begin a weekly 'Africargo' service.

  • 1956

    Clan Line group merges with the Union-Castle Line group to form the British & Commonwealth Shipping Company Limited.

  • 1957

    Hunting-Clan begins to offer passenger flights and package holidays.

  • 17 March 1958

    Lord Rotherwick dies.   Sir Nicholas Cayzer 2nd Bart., (of Roffey Park) becomes Chairman of British & Commonwealth

  • 1959

    British & Commonwealth purchase Springbok Shipping Company.

  • 1960

    Hunting-Clan merges with Airwork to form British United Airways.

  • 1962

    British & Commonwealth purchases Hector Whaling Company.

  • 1964

    The decision is made that the Clan Alpine will be the last ship built for Clan Line.

  • 1965

    Air Holding Limited is formed, bringing together major shipping companies with an interest in air freight including British & Commonwealth 

  • 1966

    British & Commonwealth take a 36 per cent interest in the South African Marine Corporation [Safmarine]

  • 1970

    British United Airways is bought by Caledonian Airlines.   It becomes British Caledonia.

  • 1 January 1982

    Sir Nicholas Cayzer is created Baron Cayzer of St Mary Axe in the City of London in the New Year's Honours.   

  • 1987

    Caledonia Investments separates from British & Commonwealth 

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